30 years of actions !
Working in cascading method :
Haiti: Between 1998 and 2014: 400 instructors trained for 27500 teachers and 457 000 students. With 7000 Manual distributed
Benin: Between 2005 and 2014: 625 instructors trained for 24 600 teachers and 1 231 250 students, over 2000 student’s parents are aware.
Madagascar: Since 1999 over 1200 instructors trained, 38 600 teachers and 2 million students
Togo: Since 2004 over 359 instructors trained, 4500 teachers and 234 000 students for over 3 000 parents are aware
The active learning
Active learning is a teaching method that strives to more directly involve
students in the learning process.
Students are learning through doing in fictive or real situations by using their skills that will evolve during the learning process
History of "Main à la Pâte" active learning
French expression to say getting involved and as equivalent could be "to pitch in" or "to get stuck in".
"Main à la Pâte" active learning aims to develop the sciences and technologies' learning in school.
In 1995 « Main à la Pâte » was born due to the lack of science learning in primary school.
Created by three french academicians Georges Charpak, Pierre Lena and Yves Quére, this active learning aims to implicate children in their sciences learning process in order to understand the necessity and its usefulness.
DEFI is based on this method and in each countries where DEFI takes action, the active learning is diferent and adapted to the education system.
Based on scientific animation with recovery equipment, teachers encourage students to find the answer of the request by themselves.
In a lot of schools, despite difficults teaching conditions, teachers succeed to sensitize their students who discovered a new learning feeling and the environment.
Example on the field :
My name is Fatao, i'm 10 and i'm living in Tsévié, 30km from Lomé capital city of Togo.
Every morning, i'm leaving the house at 6.30 a.m with Bilal my little brother, to go to school which is in an other district. At 7 a.m classes begin and this morning we start with sciences that i love because they are often funny.
When we enter in the classroom, the teacher arranged materials on the tables. With friends we are curious to know what the teacher will again ask us to do with that. We take place by groups auround the tables, then the teacher begins to explain us the lesson of the day : the consequences of deforestation.
In front of us there are two cut plastic bottles, one of them contains earth with rooted plants, the other only some earth. The teacher asks us to fill with water a small container and to pour the same quantity in each bottle. We have to observe and compare the quantity of water escaping from the opened necks. We note that when there are rooted plants in earth, water escapes slowly, a part of it stay in the earth. When there is no plantation, water escapes faster and moves the earth with it.
Thanks to this scientific experience i understood the dangers of deforestation. It's important to protect trees because they give us shadow and we can eat fruits, but also because their roots keep water and avoid landslides. When we see by ourselves the way the nature works, we better understand and we want to protect it.
“The education is the most powerful weapon which can use to change the world”
The Caravan of Science
The Caravan of Science and Technology is an event organized in 2014 and 2016 by the IDMAP project with the DEFI support and was realized thanks to the support of the Blancmesnil Foundation.
The Caravan of Science and Technology is an action to strengthen the training for the teachers in primary school to create awareness in the population for the science knowledge. These actions allowed to get the population implicated and also for the student’s parents to celebrate the scientific skills of their children during an educative and fun event through the country.
DEFI 3 : For a better educational system
Every nation which will know to get a performing education system will get strong chances to succeed. It’s in this general context that the project tries to improve the education system. Since 2000, DEFI has promoted the scientific and technologic education through the citizenship in primary school in the developing countries with a learning method inspired by “la Main à la Pâte”.
- To reinforce the capacity for the education actors thanks to the diffusion of the pedagogical project “la Main à la Pâte”.
- To encourage the exchanges between the educational actors, beneficiaries and partners of DEFI
- To improve and develop the social dialogue on the role of the education in the development.